msiexec.exe là gì

Provides the means to lớn install, modify, and perform operations on Windows Installer from the command line.

Install options

Set the install type for launching an installation package.

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Syntax

msiexec.exe [/i][/a][/j{u|m|/g|/t}][/x] <path_to_package>

Parameters

Parameter Description
/i Specifies normal installation.
/a Specifies administrative installation.
/ju Advertise the product to lớn the current user.
/jm Advertise the product to lớn all users.
/j/g Specifies the language identifier used by the advertised package.
/j/t Applies transform to lớn the advertised package.
/x Uninstalls the package.
<path_to_package> Specifies the location and name of the installation package tệp tin.

Examples

To install a package named example.msi from the C: drive, using a normal installation process, type:

msiexec.exe /i "C:\example.msi"

Display options

You can configure what a user sees during the installation process, based on your target environment. For example, if you're distributing a package to lớn all clients for manual installation, there should be a full UI. However, if you're deploying a package using Group Policy, which requires no user interaction, there should be no UI involved.

Syntax

msiexec.exe /i <path_to_package> [/quiet][/passive][/q{n|b|r|f}]

Parameters

Parameter Description
<path_to_package> Specifies the location and name of the installation package tệp tin.
/quiet Specifies quiet mode, which means there's no user interaction required.
/passive Specifies unattended mode, which means the installation only shows a progress bar.
/qn Specifies there's no UI during the installation process.
/qn+ Specifies there's no UI during the installation process, except for a final dialog box at the kết thúc.
/qb Specifies there's a basic UI during the installation process.
/qb+ Specifies there's a basic UI during the installation process, including a final dialog box at the kết thúc.
/qr Specifies a reduced UI experience during the installation process.
/qf Specifies a full UI experience during the installation process.
  • The modal box isn't shown if the installation is cancelled by the user. You can use qb+! or qb!+ to lớn hide the CANCEL button.

Examples

To install package C:\example.msi, using a normal installation process and no UI, type:

msiexec.exe /i "C:\example.msi" /qn

Restart options

If your installation package overwrites files or attempts to lớn change files that are in use, a reboot might be required before the installation completes.

Syntax

msiexec.exe /i <path_to_package> [/norestart][/promptrestart][/forcerestart]

Parameters

Parameter Description
<path_to_package> Specifies the location and name of the installation package tệp tin.
/norestart Stops the device from restarting after the installation completes.
/promptrestart Prompts the user if a reboot is required.
/forcerestart Restarts the device after the installation completes.

Examples

To install package C:\example.msi, using a normal installation process with no reboot at the kết thúc, type:

msiexec.exe /i "C:\example.msi" /norestart

Logging options

If you need to lớn debug your installation package, you can mix the parameters to lớn create a log tệp tin with specific information.

Syntax

msiexec.exe [/i][/x] <path_to_package> [/L{i|w|e|a|r|u|c|m|o|p|v|x+|!|*}] <path_to_log>

Parameters

Parameter Description
/i Specifies normal installation.
/x Uninstalls the package.
<path_to_package> Specifies the location and name of the installation package tệp tin.
/li Turns on logging and includes status messages in the output log tệp tin.
/lw Turns on logging and includes non-fatal warnings in the output log tệp tin.
/le Turns on logging and includes all error messages in the output log tệp tin.
/la Turns on logging and includes information about when an action started in the output log tệp tin.
/lr Turns on logging and includes action-specific records in the output log tệp tin.
/lu Turns on logging and includes user request information in the output log tệp tin.
/lc Turns on logging and includes the initial UI parameters in the output log tệp tin.
/lm Turns on logging and includes out-of-memory or fatal exit information in the output log tệp tin.
/lo Turns on logging and includes out-of-disk-space messages in the output log tệp tin.
/lp Turns on logging and includes terminal properties in the output log tệp tin.
/lv Turns on logging and includes verbose output in the output log tệp tin.
/lx Turns on logging and includes extra debugging information in the output log tệp tin.
/l+ Turns on logging and appends the information to lớn an existing log tệp tin.
/l! Turns on logging and flushes each line to lớn the log tệp tin.
/l* Turns on logging and logs all information, except verbose information (/lv) or extra debugging information (/lx).
<path_to_logfile> Specifies the location and name for the output log tệp tin.

Examples

To install package C:\example.msi, using a normal installation process with all logging information provided, including verbose output, and storing the output log tệp tin at C:\package.log, type:

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msiexec.exe /i "C:\example.msi" /L*V "C:\package.log"

Update options

You can apply or remove updates using an installation package.

Syntax

msiexec.exe [/p][/update][/uninstall[/package<product_code_of_package>]] <path_to_package>

Parameters

Parameter Description
/p Installs a patch. If you're installing silently, you must also mix the REINSTALLMODE property to lớn ecmus and REINSTALL to lớn ALL. Otherwise, the patch only updates the MSI cached on the target device.
/update Install patches option. If you're applying multiple updates, you must separate them using a semi-colon (;).
/package Installs or configures a product.

Examples

msiexec.exe /p "C:\MyPatch.msp"
msiexec.exe /p "C:\MyPatch.msp" /qb REINSTALLMODE="ecmus" REINSTALL="ALL"
msiexec.exe /update "C:\MyPatch.msp"
msiexec.exe /uninstall {1BCBF52C-CD1B-454D-AEF7-852F73967318} /package {AAD3D77A-7476-469F-ADF4-04424124E91D}

Where the first GUID is the patch GUID, and the second one is the MSI product code to lớn which the patch was applied.

Repair options

You can use this command to lớn repair an installed package.

Syntax

msiexec.exe [/f{p|o|e|d|c|a|u|m|s|v}] <product_code>

Parameters

Parameter Description
/fp Repairs the package if a tệp tin is missing.
/fo Repairs the package if a tệp tin is missing, or if an older version is installed.
/fe Repairs the package if tệp tin is missing, or if an equal or older version is installed.
/fd Repairs the package if tệp tin is missing, or if a different version is installed.
/fc Repairs the package if tệp tin is missing, or if checksum does not match the calculated value.
/fa Forces all files to lớn be reinstalled.
/fu Repairs all the required user-specific registry entries.
/fm Repairs all the required computer-specific registry entries.
/fs Repairs all existing shortcuts.
/fv Runs from source and re-caches the local package.

Examples

To force all files to lớn be reinstalled based on the MSI product code to lớn be repaired, {AAD3D77A-7476-469F-ADF4-04424124E91D}, type:

msiexec.exe /fa {AAD3D77A-7476-469F-ADF4-04424124E91D}

Set public properties

You can mix public properties through this command. For information about the available properties and how to lớn mix them, see Public Properties.

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  • Command-Line Syntax Key

  • Msiexec.exe Command-Line Options

  • Standard Installer Command-Line Options